Archive for the ‘Civil War Research’ Category

Teacher Ranger, Rob Finkill, is finished with the school year and back at the park for the summer.  In this post, he shares his insights about a new and effective use for 20% of the classroom time he has with his students.  Two members of the park staff were thrilled to work with Hershey Middle School students for this initiative, and we’d be happy to work with you and your students too!


As a classroom teacher in an ever-changing educational environment, it can be a challenge to keep students’ interest. The team I work with teaching 8th grade American Cultures had a brainstorm following a recent in-service session.


80 20


 If it’s good for Google …

The in-service we attended described an opportunity that Google gives their employees. The company allows their workers 20 % of their time to work on their own projects. Chris Kesler describes it on geniushour.com web as such:

“Allow people to work on something that interests them, and productivity will go up.  Google’s policy has worked so well that it has been said that 50% of Google’s projects have been created during this creative time period.  Ever heard of Gmail or Google News?  These projects are creations by passionate developers that blossomed from their 20-time projects.”

Click Here to View an interview with Google’s Director of People Operations

We decided, as a team, in our Civil War unit to try this in our classrooms.


This is middle school, not Google, Inc.

The first year we tried this activity we called it 80 – 20 projects. Eighty percent of classroom time was spent on lesson and activities of our Civil War Unit. Then students got 20% of the unit time to research whatever they wanted related to the Civil War and make some kind of presentations to the class at the end of the unit. No real guidelines or structure, just time for the student to learn! Sounds great, but not all students have an interest in the Civil War or may be as motivated as Google employees. It was also difficult for some students to do something at school that wasn’t graded!  We had some good results, but not really what we were hoping for.


research is fun!  Take two on the 80-20 project

I have always felt great teachers reflect on their craft and that is what we did. This past year we structured the project time around:

We teamed with our English teachers on thesis statement (claim statement for you Common Core fans). The English teachers helped students write strong claims and organize their citations. We did the things any good teacher does with a project: set some due dates for tasks to be completed, checked in with students along the way, gave ideas for those who didn’t know where to start, worked with Learning Support to allow all students success, and used the Media Specialist in the library as a resource.

Students could pick any topic they wanted and make any type of presentation they wanted within our very basic guidelines.

Downloadable Topic and Claim Graphic Organizer


What we found…

Even though we have 20% less instructional time dedicated to the unit learning objectives, the level of expectation for what we want the students to know and understand did not change. By utilizing this strategy, it appears as though we lost 20% of our instructional time, but this is what we have found:

1) Students tend to be more focused during the teacher-directed instructional time focused on the unit learning objectives;

2) Students tend to more easily draw connections between the topic they have chosen to research and the information focused on the unit learning objectives;

3) Students research and share information about some interesting topics that would not typically be covered during class;

4) Student achievement on the unit assessment that focused on the unit learning outcomes was better than any other unit.


Final Products

Students researched topics ranging from battles, individuals, ghosts, and technology to horses, baseball, and food.  Presentations varied from live extemporaneous style talks to videos related to their topics.  We experienced storytime as a student told a story about a soldier who wrote a letter home to demonstrate Civil War slang; we played Civil War era baseball and learned about how different and similar the game was to today’s game; and we tasted the Civil War by sampling hard tack (some with worms baked in), cornbread, and really bad coffee. Students compared the music of the Civil War to the music of today or described the roles that women played in the war. We had the standard power points, but several students created videos or used other presentation sites such as Prezi. When students are given a little autonomy to study what interests them, the results can be amazing!

It was a challenge to give up time in the classroom and for some students it was a challenge to work without so much structure, but we tried to help with graphic organizers and frequent check ins.

A student in Art Titzel’s class, Matt Venable, went outside the walls of the school for information on medical practices of the Civil War. Matt’s video was a culmination of research he did on amputations during the Civil War.  For his research he not only consulted books and websites, but he also contacted experts at Gettysburg National Battlefield,  like our own Education Specialist, Barb Sanders,  for guidance and primary sources.

Overall, we saw a lot of positive results and may try this in other units as well!

Try the 20% approach and see what happens with your students!


Here are few examples:

Civil War Medicine

Prezi on Civil War Music

Flipagram on Horses

Civil War Food

The Battle of Shiloh


Some teachers are calling this type of learning Genius Hour.

Click to see a web site detailing 6th grade students at Hershey Middle School’s Genius hour projects and process.

Thanks to Nate Beamer & Art Titzel for contributing to this blog post.



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Resources for teaching the Civil War and specifically the battle of Gettysburg are found in an abundance, but which ones are right for your Civil War classroom? Are you looking to “flip “ your classroom or to use something as part of a presentation? Maybe a pre Gettysburg visit activity? Maybe something for students to use during research?

Here are a few tips on resources to use and a few that have been used in Teacher Ranger Rob Finkill’s classroom

Flipping the Classroom?

Many teachers are flipping their class with the help of technology. Students may watch a short teacher created video or listen to a podcast outside of class to obtain basic notes and information, then in class higher level activities are done.

Some of flipped classroom teachers chose to use a video camera and a white board to make videos of their lectures, others use screen casting apps such as :


Show Me

Explain Everything


These videos are made on a tablet / iPad, but then can be posted online and links to videos emailed


Flipped Gettysburg Resources

Planning a field trip or series of lessons on the Battle of Gettysburg?

Click on the link below for a short  video on events of the Civil War leading to Gettysburg that could be watched by students on their own or as a large group.

Events Leading to Gettysburg Video Link

If you are coming to Gettysburg and visiting the Visitor Center and Museum, the link below will take you to a video for students to help them understand what to expect when they come to the museum and will help them complete activities in the Best Field Trip Ever! pdf planning kit 

Video for Students visiting the Gettysburg Museum Link

If you are planning a presentation on the battle of Gettysburg, a great resource for enhanced presentations is Prezi.

Prezi can be described as Power Point , but with movement and more features to be visually pleasing.

Overview of the Battle of Gettysburg Prezi

This Prezi gives you the presenter a series of pictures and images to help you as you give  a brief overview of the battle. Not a lot of text, but plenty of images and movement to help enhance a talk on the battle.

Gettysburg by the Numbers

excellent site from teachersfirst.com with incredible visuals to explore the battle of Gettysburg from multiple angles and perspectives!


Nearpod is an interactive presentation tool. Students and Teachers can complete activities as a live lesson together or it can be set to be a student paced activity. Once you as a teacher make an account, you can view student results in real time or after the fact. Espeicllay check out the “field trip” feature which allows teachers to allow students to have 360 degree views of famous places, including some Civil War sites/

Here is an example I created using parts of the free Civil War Trust curriculum on the Emancipation Proclamation. Type in the code TNCAL to go through the lesson. Nearpods can be embedded like below, shared via a web link , view on the Nearpod app or through Google classroom.

Emancipation Proclamation Near pod


Edpuzzle allows the teacher to take a You Tube or other video and add questions and activities for students to do while viewing. Create “classes” that students can join, then teachers can view the results.

Here is an example

National Archives DocsTeach

 DocsTeach is the app for learning with documents from the National Archives. Students can enter a classroom code to access and complete activities assigned to them, or choose from a selection of learning activities based on historical eras.


DocsTeach is the app for learning with documents, from the U.S. National Archives. Students can enter a classroom code to access and complete activities assigned to them, or choose from a selection of learning activities by historical era. There are several excellent activities using documents related to the Civil War Era.

Online Quiz games for practice

There are several on line quiz games on line now that work with both IOS devices and laptops:


Kahoot is one of the most popular web based quizzing platforms. Teachers can create their own quizzes from scratch or use quizzes shared by other teachers from around the globe. Students play using their own device to answer and view the questions on a large screen in the teacher’s classroom. Kahoot is constantly updating their features to make this an amazing resource.


Another popular student quizzing activity that is web based. Games can be played in the classroom  – no large screen needed – or students can play outside of class as many times as they wish to study or prepare for class activities. As a teacher, you can view results and download scores as well. Again, this platform is always evolving and updating to meet teachers’ needs.

There are many other emerging platforms and most sync with Google and classroom management systems like  Edmodo or Canvas.

Civil War in Four

If you are looking for some brief videos on different topics about the Civil War, the Civil War Trust has recently started to post videos under the heading of Civil War in Four. These are four minute videos detailing different aspects of the war with commentary from Civil War experts. Great for use as a whole class, research or as flipping the classroom resources.

Click here for the Civil War in Four main page

Resource links for more web based and apps for the flipped classroom

Best Apps and Web sites for the Flipped Classroom from Common Sense Education

Comment here with your own ideas or other resources!

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