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Every spring for years we had taken our 8th graders to Gettysburg on field trips. Depending on what dates were available and our state testing schedule, we would often end up going early in the spring . One year we ended up going right at the beginning of April. The weather forecasted didn’t materialize and the day turned cold , leaving many students chilly and uncomfortable. I’ll never forget as we stood on Little Round Top, the wind picked up and  snow fell for a brief few minutes and blew all around us. It certainly was difficult , as we headed back to the buses, to envision the battle raging on a hot July day. Weather on all our trips in the spring were not like that, but it certainly made me have an open mind when my building principal asked us to consider moving the trip to the fall.

 

The fall is a great time to consider coming to Gettysburg on a field trip for several reasons and this post will highlight several opportunities to turn a spring field trip into a fall trip. It may not work for everyone, but it is worth considering.

 

A field trip in the spring fits in chronologically at a time in the scope and sequence of many  curriculums where the Civil War is being studied, but don’t let that be the only reason to keep a trip in the spring. Some challenges may present themselves when trying to schedule a spring trip such as :

 

  • Many states have standardized testing and a spring break in the spring to work around scheduling a trip
  • If you chose to do a ranger led program, you will have to provide a list of potential dates and wait for the lottery to find out your field trip date
  • Licensed battlefield guides may be all booked
  • It can be more crowded at the museum and battlefield sites due to an increased number of field trips
  • Student behavior at the end of the school year can be challenging at times
  • Weather can be an issue

 

A field trip in the fall can eliminate some of the challenges of the spring. Here are a few benefits to be found when bringing students on a fall field trip:

  •  There’s no standardized testing in the fall or extended days off to work around.
  • If you wish to do a ranger led program , your school can pick your date and program or programs as there is no selection lottery.
  • The Gettysburg Foundation museum with it’s timed ticket to the movie and cyclorama, are much less crowded and times are readily available to pick from.
  • The weather fluctuates much less. Now, the weather can still not be perfect , but chances are it won’t be as bad as the spring.
  • Student behavior may not be what is like at the end of the year
  • It will be much less crowded at local restaurants and battlefield sites.

 

What can you do on the field trip?

Free Ranger Educational Programs

There are several different types of programs to pick from. These programs are offered in the fall and spring. In the fall, teachers can pick the date and time of the program, where in the spring there is a lottery system for dates of programs where dates and times are picked based on several options a teacher gives so a teacher may not get their first choice.

Click here to view the list of offered programs

Movie, Cyclorama, and Museum

The Gettysburg Foundation Museum offers an informational movie, viewing of the Cyclorama painting, and museum visitation. Tickets are available at a reasonable cost per student.

Click here to find out the various opportunities offered by the Gettysburg Foundation 

Touring the Battlefield

Licensed Battlefield Guided Bus Tour 

A licensed battlefield guide is a trained professional who can lead a bus tour of the battlefield for students.  These guides train for years and must pass extensive tests administered by the National Park Service to qualify to give tours. These historians are the most qualified, knowledgeable, skilled and professional individuals licensed by the National Park Service as guides. A guide would ride on the bus with students. Again, in the fall, it will be much easier to schedule a guide as there could be limited availability in the spring. Guides can be scheduled by contacting the Gettysburg Foundation Sales office.

How to give students context for a fall field trip to Gettysburg

Many curriculums don’t cover the Civil War in the fall. Here’s a few ideas of how to work around that fact. Take several days before the field trip to stage a crash course or a “Gettysburg Week” . During the crash course, use some materials the Gettysburg  Education office provides to help students learn the basics about the causes of the Civil War and the battle of Gettysburg.

One item is the Traveling Trunk which can give students a hands on experience of Civil War items. The trunk contains a uniform, items a soldier would use to pass the time, medical items, and items related. The trunk can be reserved and shipped to your school.

Another trunk to rent is the traveling battlefield map. It’s a battlefield map in a “box”.

“Gettysburg Battlefield in a Box” traveling maps can be shipped to your school, with accompanying YouTube link and teacher’s guide for everything you need to teach the campaign and battle of Gettysburg interactively. The box can be used right in the middle of a classroom floor, or from a common room for the whole grade or school. The map materials and curriculum is recommended for students in grades 4 through 12. This activity can help give students a sense of the locations to be visited at the battlefield park.

Documents

Download one of the CURRICULUM MATERIALS  books from the

Parks as Classroom page on the Gettysburg National Park website 

The Pickett’s Charge booklet has some reference pages to help summarize the causes of the war, reasons for the battle taking place in Gettysburg, and a summary of the three days of the battle. Use pages 7 to 12 of the booklet.

Click here to download a PDF of the Pickett’s Charge booklet

Video Link

Video summary of the events of the Civil War up to Gettysburg to help set context in a basic format using an app called “Educreations“.

Here are a few links to some review and practice games

Gettysburg Quizziz  – Quizziz is an interactive game that can be played live in the classroom or assigned as an extension activity

Gettysburg Quizlet – Quizlet has a series of activities to practice vocabulary.

Click here to go to the Gettysburg National Park Education web site for all field trip information and available resources 

 

Consider giving a fall field trip a chance!

 

Blog post author Rob Finkill has been teaching 8th grade American History for 20 years at Derry Township School District in Hershey, PA. 2019 was also his ninth summer working as a teacher ranger at Gettysburg.

He has been bringing school groups to Gettysburg for many of those years and since 2017, has been coming in the fall.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gettysburg Character Lessons Video Series

 Our park education staff has put together a series of character education lessons based on individuals who are related to the battle and town of Gettysburg in 1863. Each lesson includes a video and an accompanying document.  The videos in the series tell the stories of not only individual soldiers, but also  a nurse and a civilian as well. Filmed on various locations around Gettysburg, each lesson video uses an individual’s story and ties it to a character trait. Video lessons posted here  are suitable for all ages , but are designed primarily  for elementary and middle school grades. No major background knowledge on the battle of Gettysburg is needed so these video lessons could be used for their historical focus but also the character education focus. .  Each video lesson is accompanied by a document which includes:

  • a photograph and background on the location of the story and video in and around Gettysburg National Military Park.
  • provides some new words, definitions and concepts related to the video.
  • some discussion starters for before and after your students watch the video.

Videos and accompanying documents are posted below.

The videos can also be found on our Facebook page Use the link below to view all of our videos from this and other series.

http://www.facebook.com/gettysburgeducation/videos

 

Nurse Cornelia Hancock

Compassion

Cornelia Hancock was a young woman with no medical training who volunteered to come to Gettysburg to help as a nurse.

Click here to download the document that accompanies the Cornelia Hancock video

 

Basil Biggs

Integrity

Basil Biggs was a free African American who lived in Gettysburg. He will help freedom seeking enslaved people escape, participate in the burying of dead soldiers after the battle, and the creation of the cemetery for soldiers killed in the battle.

Click here to download the document that accompanies the Basil Biggs video

 

Rufus Dawes

Leadership

Rufus Dawes is the commander of a group of soldiers from Wisconsin who leads an incredible attack on July 1, 1863.

Click here to download the document that accompanies the Rufus Dawes video

 

John Bigelow

Discipline

John Bigelow is the commander of a battery of guns from Massachusetts who, in their first time ever in a battle, must face an extreme challenge on July 2, 1863.

Click here to download the document that accompanies the John Bigelow video

 

Philip Hamlin

Respect

Philip Hamlin is a young soldier from Minnesota who fights at Gettysburg but also writes many encouraging letters to his family describing why he does or does not have feelings of respect for certain people and their actions.

Click here to download the document that accompanies the Philip Hamlin video

 

Please comment below with ideas or questions you might have!

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