In July, 2016, teachers from across the country spent time at Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site’s professional development workshop entitled: Days with Documents : Eisenhower Edition. Participants explored key eras in Dwight Eisenhower’s life. The days focused on his time as a young army officer stationed at Gettysburg, Supreme Allied Commander, and President. Teachers heard presentations from historians, experienced site visits to the Eisenhower Farm and looked at primary source documents to enrich their classroom lessons.
This page will host links to the primary source documents that the educators in attendance used, so for those who attended or were unable to attend, digital access to these documents is available here. Resources for methods for engaging students in primary sources are found at the bottom of this page. All the files have been placed in Dropbox folders and are able to be downloaded. Please comment here or on the Dropbox file itself with ideas or questions.
Click on the link below for the complete document folder in Dropbox:
Below is a listing of the essential Eisenhower documents found in the Dropbox folders, click on the headings to go to directly to the document folder or to find more information on selected topics.
World War I
Even though Ike didn’t fight in Europe during the war, he commanded a tank training camp located in Gettysburg.
- Two articles related to conflicts between the townspeople and soldiers of the camp.
- Copy of the speech Ike gave to the trained “tankers” before leaving for Europe Recruitment poster for the tank corps.
World War II
- Ike’s messages and famous Order of the Day prior to the D-Day invasion
- “If D-Day had failed” message he had prepared in case the invasion in 1944 failed.
- Photo of Ike with paratroopers prior to the D-Day invasion
- Ike’s message to General George Marshall in Washington, D.C. about the grim discovery of Nazi concentration camps
- Photo of Ike visiting a concentration camp.
- Photo spread of Ike from an April, 1945 issue of Life magazine
Primary Source Documents : Eisenhower’s Presidency
Included in this set of documents are a collection of speeches, internal memos, telegrams, political cartoons, news accounts and photographs
- The Chance for Peace – both the full speech and excerpts, April 1953
- Ike’s Farewell Address – both a draft and final draft
- Political Cartoon regarding the incident
- State Department Press Release May 9, 1960
- Memo of internal discussions about U2 flights February, 1960
- Memo Authorizing U2 flights April, 1960
Relations with the U.S.S.R.
- Joseph Stalin themed political cartoons
- A draft of Ike’s condolence message to the Russian people upon the death of Joseph Stalin
- Transcript of “Kitchen Debate” between Richard Nixon and Nikita Khrushchev
- Photo of the “Kitchen Debate”
- Document detailing the U.S. objectives for Nikita Khrushchev’s visit to Washington, D.C. in 1959
- Time Magazine cover showing the leader of Poland Wladyslaw Gomulka
- TASS news report on the Hungarian Revolution, 1956
- Time magazine commentary on the lack of U.S. response to Hungarian Revolution
School Desegregation and Little Rock Central High School
- Video: NPS ranger presentation at Little Rock Central High School from Cspan
- Text of Brown v Board of Education Rulings
- Ike’s Executive Order directing the use of Federal Troops at Little Rock
- Ike’s personal notes on the Little Rock Central High School situation
- Telegram from Little Rock Nine parents to Ike
- Telegram of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr to Ike about the events at Little Rock
- Telegram from Arkansas Senator John Stennis to Ike describing how wrong integration is
- Diary entry excerpt from “Warriors Don’t Cry” by Melba Pattillo Beals (one of the Little Rock Nine)
- Political Cartoon about school segregation
- Political Cartoon about Virginia’s resistance to school desegregation
- Photo of the Little Rock Nine being escorted by soldiers
- Photo of Elizabeth Eckford being verbally attacked walking to class the first day
- Newspaper headlines declaring the end of school segregation about the Brown decision
Speeches and Laws
- 1959 State of the Union Speech
- Civil Rights Bill 1957 – actual document
- Civil Rights Bill 1957 text on word document
- Photo of Ike with African American leaders at the signing of the Civil Rights Bill 1957
Montgomery Bus Boycott
- Rosa Parks arrest report
- Poster announcing fundraiser for those impacted by the bus boycott
- Telegram from mother of Emmett Till to Ike asking for justice for her son
- Frederic Morrow memo to Ike on Emmett Till response
Professional development opportunities for the 2016-2017 school year will be published on the Gettysburg National Military Park web site Professional Development page on August 15, 2016.