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Resources for teaching the Civil War and specifically the battle of Gettysburg are found in an abundance, but which ones are right for your Civil War classroom? Are you looking to “flip “ your classroom or to use something as part of a presentation? Maybe a pre Gettysburg visit activity? Maybe something for students to use during research?

Here are a few tips on resources to use and a few that have been used in Teacher Ranger Rob Finkill’s classroom

Flipping the Classroom?

Many teachers are flipping their class with the help of technology. Students may watch a short teacher created video or listen to a podcast outside of class to obtain basic notes and information, then in class higher level activities are done.

Some of flipped classroom teachers chose to use a video camera and a white board to make videos of their lectures, others use screen casting apps such as :

Educreations

Show Me

Explain Everything

These videos are made on a tablet / iPad, but then can be posted online and links to videos emailed

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Flipped Gettysburg Resources

Planning a field trip or series of lessons on the Battle of Gettysburg?

Click on the link below for a short  video on events of the Civil War leading to Gettysburg that could be watched by students on their own or as a large group.

Events Leading to Gettysburg Video Link

If you are coming to Gettysburg and visiting the Visitor Center and Museum, the link below will take you to a video for students to help them understand what to expect when they come to the museum and will help them complete activities in the Best Field Trip Ever! pdf planning kit 

Video for Students visiting the Gettysburg Museum Link

Video explaining the special Treasures of the Civil War Exhibit

If you are planning a presentation on the battle of Gettysburg, a great resource for enhanced presentations is Prezi.

Prezi can be described as Power Point , but with movement and more features to be visually pleasing.

Overview of the Battle of Gettysburg Prezi

This Prezi gives you the presenter a series of pictures and images to help you as you give  a brief overview of the battle. Not a lot of text, but plenty of images and movement to help enhance a talk on the battle.

Civil War in Four

If you are looking for some brief videos on different topics about the Civil War, the Civil War Trust has recently started to post videos under the heading of Civil War in Four. These are four minute videos detailing different aspects of the war with commentary from Civil War experts. Great for use as a whole class, research or as flipping the classroom resources.

Click here for the Civil War in Four main page

Comment here with your own ideas or other resources!

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr gestures to the crowd during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, August 1963

AFP/Getty images

     August brings us to the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom which included the “I Have a Dream Speech” by Dr. Martin Luther King , Jr. This event and speech, of course,  is regarded by many as a pivotal moment in not only the Civil Rights movement, but also American History. The speech has been used by History ,English, and even Speech teachers to emphasize the points made and the style as well.

 Not Your Typical Memorial Day Speech

 Dr. Martin Luther King,Jr. wasn’t in Gettysburg in 1963, but Vice President Lyndon Johnson was  on Memorial Day. He will give a speech that year at the Memorial Day event at the Soldiers National Cemetery in Gettysburg. On the surface you would think that his speech would  focus on honoring the sacrifices of those soldiers buried there and he certainly does that, but after asking us to remember their sacrifice and understanding that having a military helps keep peace (i.e. Cold War Era) , he took a different approach.

“As we maintain the vigil of peace, we must remember that justice is a vigil, too–a vigil we must keep in our own streets and schools and among the lives of all our people–so that those who died here on their native soil shall not have died in vain. One hundred years ago, the slave was freed, One hundred years later, the Negro remains in bondage to the color of his skin.”

The New York Times recently did an article on the 1963 speech and it caught my attention. The words of this speech reveal some

LBJ

loc.gov

of LBJ’s thinking and just a few months later he will become president where his “Great Society” plans will be put into action. The landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 will be passed roughly a year later. Some might say these were a part of the “vigil of justice”.

We incorporated this speech in our end of the year unit called Active Citizenship. In that unit, we focus on four methods that citizens can make change in our nation: education, litigation, legislation, and innovation.  Our unit pulls examples from the Civil Rights Movement for each method.  This speech served as an attempt to educate, just as Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” will a few months later.

Lesson Plan Ideas

1. Compare the text of LBJ’s speech to that of the Gettysburg Address. What questions can be raised? What was the status, in 1963,  of  the “new birth of freedom” that Lincoln talked of in his speech in 1863 ?

2.For a Civics lesson use the fact that  Johnson will reference the “Law” in his speech. That reference can lead to a discussion of the Constitution as “higher law”. What do laws mean if they are not enforced? The question of States’ Rights can be brought into discussion as well. Those issues were still there in 1963, 100 years after the war ended (and even today to an extent).

“The law cannot save those who deny it but neither can the law serve any who do not use it. The history of injustice and inequality is a history of disuse of the law. Law has not failed–and is not failing.”

3. If you teach a unit on the 1960’s , this speech could give students a glimpse into the thinking of LBJ. Have students research what may have made a man from Texas come to these views on freedom and equality.

The moment you start to think that Gettysburg is about a three day battle or one speech given by Lincoln, you start to realize the connections between 1863 , 1963 , and 2013 are many .

Resources

Shribman, David. “L.B.J.’s Gettysburg Address.” New York Times. The New York Times Company, 24 May 2013. Web.

Link to the article  - which includes a recording of the speech

Link to text of the speech from the LBJ Presidential library

Link to Newsreel footage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 being signed

Comment here or email with your thoughts, ideas , questions or resource ideas

rfinkill@hershey.k12.pa.us

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